English Question with explanation

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Question: In the following question, a sentence is given that is followed by three statements. For each part, a correction statement is also given. Identify the sentence(s) which require correction and mark it as your answer.

Dynamic leaders are needed in democracies/ because systems that rely for the impersonal rules of ‘formal’/ equality lose their abilities to make large changes.

  1. Dynamic leaders who are needed in democracies
  2. because systems that rely on the impersonal rules of ‘formal’
  3. equality lose their ability to make large changes.

a) Both I and II

b) I, II, and III

c) Both II and III

d) Only II

e) Only III

Solution:

The error lies in parts II and III of the statement.

In part II, the use of ‘for’ is incorrect. ‘For’ is used ‘to indicate the place someone or something is going to or toward’ or ‘to indicate the person or thing that something is sent or given to’ or ‘to indicate the thing that something is meant to be used with’. None of these fit the context of the sentence. Also, according to grammar rules, one always ‘relies on’ and not ‘relies for’.

In part III, the use of the word ‘abilities’ is incorrect. This part of the sentence is talking about ‘rules’ which is plural. With it again a plural word i.e., ‘abilities’ cannot be used. To make it grammatically correct the word should be replaced with ‘ability’.

Hence, the correct answer is option C, i.e., Both II and III.

The correct sentence is:

Dynamic leaders are needed in democracies because systems that rely on the impersonal rules of ‘formal’ equality lose their ability to make large changes.

 


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Question:  In the following question, a sentence is given that is followed by three statements. For each part, a correction statement is also given. Identify the sentence(s) which requires correction and mark it as your answer.

The problem-solving process of a scientist is/ different from a detective because scientists study inanimate objects,/ while detectives deal with living criminals or law offenders.

  1. The problem-solving process for a scientist is
  2. different from that of a detective because scientists study inanimate objects,
  3. III. while detectives deal among living criminals or law offenders.

a) Only II

b) Both I and II

c) Both I and III

d) Only III

e) Only I

Solution:

The error is in part II of the statement wherein the phrase ‘different from a detective’ has been used incorrectly. The sentence is talking about the difference between the problem-solving process of a scientist and the problem-solving process of a detective. The phrase used in the sentence implies that ‘problem-solving process of a scientist is different from a detective’ himself, which is incorrect.

Thus, the correct answer is option A, i.e., Only II.

The correct sentence is:

The problem-solving process of a scientist is different from that of a detective because scientists study inanimate objects, while detectives deal with living criminals or law offenders.

 

Question: In the following question, a sentence is given that is followed by three statements. For each part, a correction statement is also given. Identify the sentence(s) which requires correction and mark it as your answer.

The liveliness of the sketches is so/ that it is as if young Staunton had, anachronistically,/ taken a camera with him.

  1. The liveliness of the sketches is such
  2. that it is as if young Staunton have, anachronistically,
  3. took a camera with him.

a) Both I and III

b) Only I

c) Only II

d) Both II and III

e) Both I and II

Solution:

The error is in part I of the statement wherein the use of the word ‘so’ has been incorrect. The sentence is in the present tense. The word ‘so’ indicates the past tense. Therefore, the phrase ‘is such’ should be used to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Thus, the correct answer is option B, i.e., Only I.

The correct sentence is:

The liveliness of the sketches is such that it is as if young Staunton had, anachronistically, taken a camera with him.

 

Question. In the following question, a sentence is given that is followed by three statements. For each part, a correction statement is also given. Identify the sentence(s) which requires correction and mark it as your answer.

My aim is to present a conception of justice/ which generalises and carried to a higher level of/ abstraction the familiar theory of social contract.

  1. My aim is towards presenting a conception of justice
  2. which generalises and carries to a higher level of
  3. abstraction the familiar theory of the social contract.

a) Only II

b) Both I and II

c) Only I

d) Both II and III

e) Only III

Solution:

The error is in part II and part III of the sentence.

In part II, the word ‘carried’ has been used incorrectly. The sentence is in the present tense. The word ‘carried’ is in the past tense. Thus, it should be replaced with ‘carries’.

In part III, the use of the article ‘the’ before ‘social contract’ is missing. The article ‘the’ is used to describe a specific noun like ‘social contract’.

Hence, the correct answer is option D, i.e., Both II and III.

The correct sentence is:

My aim is to present a conception of justice which generalises and carries to a higher level of abstraction the familiar theory of the social contract.

 

 

Question:

In the following questions, two columns 1 and 2, each containing three phrases are given. Column 1 consists of the first part of three phrases and Column 2 consists of the remaining part of those three phrases. Match column 1 with column 2, so that the phrases formed are meaningful and grammatically correct. There are five options, four of which display the sequence(s) to form a grammatically and contextually correct sentence. If none of the options given forms a correct sentence after combination, select ‘None of these’ as your answer.

Column (1) Column (2)
(A) India’s fiscal deficit is slated to come down (D) vote for the plan it stands because negotiations will not be reopened if British politicians reject it.
(B) European leaders gave Theresa May her Brexit deal but warned that the UK Parliament must (E) investigation into NASA moon landings.
(C) The Soviet Union abandoned its lunar program (F) to 3.3 percent of GDP at the end of the current fiscal.

 

  1. A-F and C-E
  2. C-E
  3. B-D
  4. A-F and B-D
  5. None of these

S

olution:

A-F and B-D form grammatically and contextually correct sentences.

All the given phrases are free from any error.

A-F :- Phrase (A) talks about the ‘fiscal deficit’ and phrase (F) completes the sentence by stating its ‘percentage’. Also preposition ‘to’ connects perfectly with ‘down’.  The sentence thus formed is grammatically and contextually correct.

B-D :- Phrase (B) talks about ‘Brexit deal’ and phrase (D) completes the sentence by stating that ‘the UK Parliament must vote for the plan it opted as negotiations will not be reopened’. Thus, a grammatically and contextually correct sentence is formed.

C-E :- Though phrases (C) and (E) talk about ‘lunar program’, they do not combine to form a contextually correct sentence.

 

 

 

Question: In the following questions, two columns 1 and 2, each containing three phrases are given. Column 1 consists of the first part of three phrases and Column 2 consists of the remaining part of those three phrases. Match column 1 with column 2, so that the phrases formed are meaningful and grammatically correct. There are five options, four of which display the sequence(s) to form a grammatically and contextually correct sentence. If none of the options given forms a correct sentence after combination, select ‘None of these’ as your answer.

 

Column (1) Column (2)
(A) Graupel forms fragile, oblong shapes and falls in place  (D) of typical snowflakes in wintry mix situations.
(B) Hail is formed when layers of ice accumulate over one another (E) ice, a precipitation halfway between graupel and hail.
(C) The WMO defines small hail as snow pellets encapsulated by (F) and are very hard as a result.

 

  1. C-D and B-F
  2. B-E
  3. A-F
  4. C-F and B-D
  5. None of these

Solution:

Let’s join the sentences to give a contextually and grammatically meaningful sentence. 

The correct sequences are:

A talks about falls in place, which is connected to D by the preposition ‘of’ to make the sentence meaningful. So, A-D

B talks about layers of ice, which is referred to in F by the plural verb ‘are’. So, B-F

C gives the definition of small hail, which is completed by E. So, C-E

Out of these, none is fully expressed in the given options.

Therefore, the correct answer is Option E.

 

 

Question: In the following questions, two columns 1 and 2, each containing three phrases are given. Column 1 consists of the first part of three phrases and Column 2 consists of the remaining part of those three phrases. Match column 1 with column 2, so that the phrases formed are meaningful and grammatically correct. There are five options, four of which display the sequence(s) to form a grammatically and contextually correct sentence. If none of the options given forms a correct sentence after combination, select ‘None of these’ as your answer.

 

Column (1) Column (2)
(A) Meteor showers are made up of meteoroids, (D)  an asteroid; it has to be “liberated” by a collision.
(B) A meteor is a glowing trail left behind  (E)  tiny bits of material that vaporize in our atmosphere and leave behind a glowing trail. 
(C) A meteoroid doesn’t typically just “fall off” of (F) by the debris streaks through the atmosphere. 

 

  1. C-D and B-F
  2. C-F and B-D
  3. A-F
  4. B-E
  5. None of these

Solution:

Let’s join the sentences to give a contextually and grammatically meaningful sentence. 

The correct sequences are:

A talks about meteoroids, whose definition is given by E as tiny bits of material that vaporize. So, A-E

B talks about the glowing trail left, which is related to by the debris in F. So, B-F

C talks about “fall off” of, which is related to the noun ‘asteroid’ given by D. So, C-D

Out of these, only C-D and B-F are expressed in the given options.

Therefore, the correct answer is option 1.

 

Question:
In the following questions, two columns 1 and 2, each containing three phrases are given. Column 1 consists of the first part of three phrases and Column 2 consists of the remaining part of those three phrases. Match column 1 with column 2, so that the phrases formed are meaningful and grammatically correct. There are five options, four of which display the sequence(s) to form a grammatically and contextually correct sentence. If none of the options given forms a correct sentence after combination, select ‘None of these’ as your answer.

Column (1) Column (2)
(A) Gina didn’t show up for the party even though (D) made him a favorite among the guests.
(B) He had impeccable manners which (E) appealed to people of all ages.
(C) The movies of that particular hero  (F) she was invited many times.

 

  1. A-D
  2. B-F
  3. A-F and C-E
  4. B-E and C-F
  5. None of these

Solution:

The correct answer is option 3.

Gina didn’t show up for the party even though she was invited many times.

The movies of that particular hero appealed to people of all ages.

He had impeccable manners which made him a favorite among the guests.

 

Question: In the following questions, two columns 1 and 2, each containing three phrases are given. Column 1 consists of the first part of three phrases and Column 2 consists of the remaining part of those three phrases. Match column 1 with column 2, so that the phrases formed are meaningful and grammatically correct. There are five options, four of which display the sequence(s) to form a grammatically and contextually correct sentence. If none of the options given forms a correct sentence after combination, select ‘None of these’ as your answer.

Column (1) Column (2)
(A) Hemodynamics is the study of blood flow  (D) Maria was one of the most successful Latin American actresses of all time.
(B) With a decades-long career spanning nearly fifty movies and five countries,  (E) and come up with the design specifications to make that idea a reality. 
(C) A mechanical engineer has the skills to take an idea  (F) which focuses on how the heart distributes or pumps blood throughout the body.

 

  1. A-F
  2. C-F and B-D
  3. B-E
  4. None of these
  5. C-D and B-F

Solution:

After reading the sentences, it is clear that out of the given options, only A-F makes a meaningful and contextually correct sentence.

Both sentences A and F talk about the ‘blood flow’ in the body, joining them meaningfully.

None of the other options give a meaningful sentence.

Therefore, the correct answer is option 1.

 

Question: In the given question, a part of the sentence is printed in Bold & Underlined. Below the sentence, three alternatives to the Bold & Underlined part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., “No improvement”.

Fed up with the toadies and flunkies who makes for his entourage, the star cried, “Get out, all of you! I’m sick of sycophant!”​

(i). Which makes for his entourage

(ii). Who made up his entourage

(iii). Who made over his entourage

  1. Both (ii) and (iii)
  2. Only (iii)
  3. Only (i)
  4. Only (ii)
  5. No improvement

Solution:

The correct answer is option 4, i.e., Only (ii).

The sentence suggests that ‘fed up with the toadies and flunkies which consisted of his company, the star cried…’

The phrase ‘who makes for his entourage’ is grammatically incorrect. The phrase ‘makes for’ means ‘conduces to’. It does not fit the context of the sentence and is therefore incorrect.

Option (i) is incorrect because again the phrase ‘makes for’ has been used.

Option (ii) is correct and can be used as it perfectly fits the context of the sentence.

Option (iii) is incorrect as the phrase ‘made over’ means ‘discovered’. It does not fit the context of the sentence and is therefore incorrect.

Thus, the correct answer is option D, i.e., Only (ii).

The correct sentence is:

Fed up with the toadies and flunkies who made up his entourage, the star cried, “Get out, all of you! I’m sick of sycophant!”

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